Monkton, South Ayrshire

Human settlement in Scotland
Monkton is located in South Ayrshire
Monkton
Monkton
Location within South Ayrshire 22
Area2.44 km2 (0.94 sq mi) [1]Population1,130 (mid-2020 est.)[2]• Density463/km2 (1,200/sq mi)OS grid referenceNS 35752 27835Council areaLieutenancy areaCountryScotlandSovereign stateUnited KingdomPost townPrestwickPostcode districtKA9PoliceScotlandFireScottishAmbulanceScottish UK Parliament
  • Central Ayrshire
Scottish Parliament
  • Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley
List of places
UK
Scotland
55°30′59″N 4°36′10″W / 55.5164°N 4.6028°W / 55.5164; -4.6028Coordinates: 55°30′59″N 4°36′10″W / 55.5164°N 4.6028°W / 55.5164; -4.6028

Monkton is a small village in the parish of Monkton and Prestwick in South Ayrshire, Scotland. The town of Prestwick is around 1+12 miles (2.5 kilometres) south of the village, and it borders upon Glasgow Prestwick Airport.

History

The village was originally known as Prestwick Monachorum.[3]

The Windmill

The tower-like building on the hill was originally a windmill and later a doocot. It is not to be confused with the structure on the opposite side of Prestwick Airport runway, the Shaw Monument, which was originally used by the then landowner to follow hunting with falcons on his land.[4] This vaulted windmill dates from the 17th century, converted to a dovecot in the 18th century when conical slated roof slot for potence and fireclay nesting boxes added. It had two doorways, one blocked.[5]

Views of the area
  • old Windmill; also called the Dovecot.

    old Windmill; also called the Dovecot.

  • The MacRae of Orangefield Memorial above the Dutch Barn Caravan Park.

    The MacRae of Orangefield Memorial above the Dutch Barn Caravan Park.

  • Fairfield Lodge.

    Fairfield Lodge.

  • Monktonhead Lodge. The driveway to Monktonhead House has been truncated by the bypass.

    Monktonhead Lodge. The driveway to Monktonhead House has been truncated by the bypass.

Climate

Monkton has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb). The nearest weather station to Monkton is at Prestwick Airport, around 1 km (58 mi) east, and is 27 m (89 ft) above sea level.

Climate data for Prestwick RNAS (27 m asl, averages 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
7.5
(45.5)
9.3
(48.7)
11.6
(52.9)
14.8
(58.6)
17.0
(62.6)
18.5
(65.3)
18.4
(65.1)
16.2
(61.2)
13.1
(55.6)
9.9
(49.8)
7.5
(45.5)
12.6
(54.7)
Average low °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
1.8
(35.2)
3.0
(37.4)
4.4
(39.9)
6.7
(44.1)
9.7
(49.5)
11.8
(53.2)
11.5
(52.7)
9.8
(49.6)
7.2
(45.0)
4.3
(39.7)
1.9
(35.4)
6.2
(43.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 90.2
(3.55)
64.8
(2.55)
77.5
(3.05)
54.6
(2.15)
50.2
(1.98)
59.8
(2.35)
74.0
(2.91)
84.1
(3.31)
83.4
(3.28)
111.6
(4.39)
93.7
(3.69)
94.8
(3.73)
938.7
(36.94)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 16.2 12.8 13.9 11.2 10.1 10.7 12.2 13.1 12.5 15.7 15.9 15.3 159.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 41.7 71.5 103.2 158.2 214.1 190.8 182.7 167.1 123.1 91.5 56.0 38.9 1,438.8
Source: Met Office[6]

Monkton old church

The church was dedicated to St. Cuthbert and dates from the 13th century.[7] It was in use up until 1837,[3] being suppressed by the Court of Teinds in 1834 and a new united church built near the Pow Burn. The poet Robert Burns' nephew, the Rev Thomas Burns was instrumental in the building of the new church and for a time it was locally known as "Burns's Folly".[8] Burns also wrote the Statistical Account of the parish.[9] It was in Monkton church that Blind Harry's poem The Actes and Deidis of the Illustre and Vallyeant Campioun Schir William Wallace bases the story that William Wallace went to pray, fell asleep and had an inspirational dream which revived his flagging resolve to rescue Scotland from Edward I.[10]

Views of Monkton church and cemetery
  • The south side.

    The south side.

  • The 17th century northern transept.

    The 17th century northern transept.

  • The ornate 17th century entrance to Saint Cuthbert church.

    The ornate 17th century entrance to Saint Cuthbert church.

  • An ornate carved cross on the 17th century transept.

    An ornate carved cross on the 17th century transept.

  • The mausoleum of William Weir of Adamton and Kildonan.

    The mausoleum of William Weir of Adamton and Kildonan.

  • The Angus of Ladykirk aisle.

    The Angus of Ladykirk aisle.

Monkton station

Monkton station opened on 5 August 1859 as part of the Glasgow, Paisley, Kilmarnock and Ayr Railway, later the Glasgow and South Western Railway. The station, now represented by the Prestwick airport fuel unloading sidings, was closed on 28 October 1940 by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway, therefore not even surviving into British Railways days.

Fairfield House

The old walled garden.
The cemetery gates

Colonel William Fullarton of that Ilk had owned Fairfield, however he sold it before he took up an appointment in Trinidad circa 1803.[11] The property was held in 1851 by William Gunning Campbell at which time the house had a housekeeper, an undergardner, and two housemaids, in addition to the gardener and his laundress wife who lived at Fairfield Cottage.[12] The property had a walled garden which survives as a ruin (2009) and a cemetery garden which remains in fair condition; the old Scottish unit of land measurement called a "fall" is recorded in the inscription. The last Campbell to live at the estate was W. G. Campbell and from the 1860s the property was run by trustees. Fairfield had been known as "Overmains" and had been a part of the lands of Monkton Castle, latterly known as Monkton House.[13]

In the 1860s James Sinclair of Orangefield died and this 106-acre (43-hectare) estate was added to the 685 acres (277 hectares) of Fairfield. The associated farms were Fairfield Mains, Monktonmiln, Muirhouse, Orangefield and West Orangefield.[14] Fairfield was sold in 1950 and demolished by the new owner who had planned to build villas and racing stables.[15]

Campbell family Cemetery Garden and Lodge
  • The 1835 dedication stone

    The 1835 dedication stone

  • The '2 falls' cemetery garden Christian dedication stone.

    The '2 falls' cemetery garden Christian dedication stone.

  • The 'Jesus wept' gravestone and inscription of William and Diana Campbell

    The 'Jesus wept' gravestone and inscription of William and Diana Campbell

  • The mausoleum

    The mausoleum

  • The cemetery garden railings and walls frontage.

    The cemetery garden railings and walls frontage.

  • The base of an old sundial

    The base of an old sundial

  • Fairfield Lodge

    Fairfield Lodge

Orangefield House

William Aiton's 1811 map showing Monkton.

James MacRae

Monkton House was rebuilt by James MacRae (1684–1746) who had been the President of Madras, 1725–1730 and came back with a fortune amounting to £100,000. He purchased the estate of Monkton in 1736[16] and renamed the house 'Orangefield' as he was a great admirer of William of Orange, William III; he died here in 1746[17]

The MacRae monument

The MacRae Monument or 'Orangefield Family Burial Ground' near the village was built around 1750 by John Swan and is of the Corinthian style, with alcove, urns and obelisk.[7] The site has been referred to as the Orangefield family burial-plot.[16]

References

Notes
  1. ^ "Monkton (South Ayrshire, Scotland, United Kingdom) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map, Location, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.info. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Mid-2020 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 31 March 2022. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
  3. ^ a b Love (2003), Page 231
  4. ^ Cuthbertson, Page 41
  5. ^ Windmill Retrieved : 2011-03-10
  6. ^ "Prestwick RNAS climate information". Met Office. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  7. ^ a b Close, Page 39
  8. ^ Cuthbertson, Page 39
  9. ^ Burns, Thomas (1845). The new statistical account of Scotland. Vol. 5. Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons. pp. 169-178.
  10. ^ Cuthbertson, Page 40
  11. ^ McClure, Page 69
  12. ^ Strawhorn, p. 104.
  13. ^ Strawhorn, Page 51
  14. ^ Strawhorn, p. 135.
  15. ^ Strawhorn, p. 222.
  16. ^ a b Cuthbertson, Page 33
  17. ^ Love (2005), Page 53
Sources
  1. Allan, Shiela et al. (2003). Historic Prestwick and its surroundings. Ayr Arch & Nat Hist Soc. ISBN 0-9542253-1-7.
  2. Close, Robert (1992), Ayrshire and Arran: An Illustrated Architectural Guide. Pub. Roy Inc Arch Scot. ISBN 1873190-06-9.
  3. Cuthbertson, David Cuningham (1945). Autumn in Kyle and the Charm of Cunninghame. London : Jenkins.
  4. Harvey, William. Picturesque Ayrshire. Dundee : Valentine & Sons.
  5. Love, Dane (2003). Ayrshire : Discovering a County. Ayr : Fort Publishing. ISBN 0-9544461-1-9.
  6. Love, Dane (2006). Lost Ayrshire : Ayrshire's Lost Architectural Heritage. Edinburgh : Birlinn Ltd. ISBN 978-1841584362.
  7. McClure, David (2002). Ayrshire in the Age of Improvement. Ayrshire Monographs 27. Ayr Arch & Nat Hist Soc. ISBN 0-9542253-0-9.
  8. Shaw, James Edward (1953). Ayrshire 1745-1950. A Social and Industrial History of the County. Edinburgh : Oliver & Boyd.
  9. Strawhorn, John (1994). The History of Prestwick. Edinburgh : John Donald. ISBN 0-85976-405-2.

External links

  • Video and commentary on the history of St Cuthbert's Church.
  • Video and commentary on the old Fairfield House garden and burial garden.
  • Video and commentary on the old Monkton Vaulted Tower Windmill.
  • Video and commentary on the old Fairfield walled garden.
  • Video footage of the James Macrae Monument.
  • Video footage and commentary on James Macrae.
  • Palace of Engineering.
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